The study was designed by Instituto Escolhas and carried out in partnership with Soil Use and Preservation Planning Laboratory (Laboratório de Planejamento de Uso do Solo e Conservação – GeoLab) and Public Policies Group (Grupo de Políticas Públicas – GPP) of Esalq/USP, the economist Bernard Appy and the jurist Carlos Marés. The purpose of the study is to propose the update of the collection parameters of the Rural Territorial Tax (ITR), with the revision of the Table of Livestock Occupancy, and preparation of a new regulation of the tax, especially to solve the conflicts now existing between ITR and the environmental legislation. Additionally, the study presents simulation of scenarios of implementation of such proposals that allow assessing the impact on the tax collection.
The study is an achievement of Instituto Escolhas in partnership with the Center for Policy and Economy of the Public Sector of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (CEPESP / EAESP / EESP) with support from the Tide Setubal Foundation. The objective of the study is to investigate if the MCMV contributed to the urban expansion and, with this, to the aggravation of the problems of the Brazilian metropolises such as: the deterioration of the central areas, population residing in areas with little infrastructure of public services and far from the places affecting urban mobility. Twenty metropolitan regions were evaluated: Belém, Belo Horizonte, Campinas, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Distrito Federal, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiânia, Manaus, Palmas, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Salvador, São Luís, São Paulo, Teresina e Vitória.
Study coordinated by Instituto Escolhas with the technical execution of PSR Consultoria and HPPA teams. It presents an unprecedented methodology that calculates the total cost of energy generation in Brazil through the valuation of the attributes of five components for each generation source provided for in the Decennial Energy Plan (PDE) 2026.
Survey of opinion on urban mobility and low carbon adapted from an American version promoted by the Oil Transportation Research and Intelligence Network. Held by Ideia Big Data and commissioned by the Climate and Society Institute in partnership with Instituto Escolhas, the research was carried out in October 2017 and heard 3,000 people throughout Brazil. The data collection was done through personal interviews applied via telephone. The margin of error is approximately 2.25 percentage points for more or less than the results found in the total sample, with a 95% confidence interval.
A study coordinated by Sergio Leitão and Lígia Vasconcellos (Instituto Escolhas), with biophysical and land use analysis of Gerd Sparovek, Vinícius Guidotti (Geolab – Esalq / USP) and Luiz Fernando Guedes Pinto (Imaflora). Economic analysis by Joaquim Bento de Souza Ferreira Filho (Esalq-USP), sought to answer the economic and social impact of zeroing deforestation in Brazil.
Study designed by the Escolhas Institute Coordination: Ligia Vasconcellos and Shigueo Watanabe Jr., (Escolhas Institute) Elaboration: William Wills (EOS Strategy & Sustainability).
This study seeks to understand the impact of different scenarios of electricity generation on an economy, employment and GHG emissions in the country. These scenarios were developed by the Energy Scenarios Platform (PCE), organized by the Avina Foundation, which selected four scenarios of nationally renowned institutions to elaborate long-term national electricity planning, based on a set of premises and common information. Scenarios are geared towards goal setting. 3. The main objective is therefore to analyze their priorities as their respective advantages and disadvantages with the main objective of their macroeconomic, social and environmental impacts.
In December 2015, 195 countries gathered to create the Paris Agreement, around the commitment to contain global warming within 2° C, with efforts to ensure that it does not exceed 1.5° C by the end of this century. Therefore, the Brazilian Coalition on Climate, Forests and Agriculture – a multisectoral movement consisting of more than 120 companies, business associations, civil society organizations and research centers – has commissioned multidisciplinary teams from the Choices Institute and the Center for Sustainability Studies of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (GVces) to construct scenarios of the Brazilian reality that encompass the three major commitments listed by Brazil in its NDC.
This cover document presents a study, developed by the Instituto Escolhas, on the adoption of an alternative of
US$36/tCO2 e as a Carbon Tax levied on fossil fuels in Brazil, focusing on maintaining a neutral tax burden. This neutrality is obtained by means of simplification of one of the most complex taxes that exists in the country, widely known by its acronym of PIS-Cofins, which has been the object of simplification plans proposed by the Executive and Legislative branches of Government.