fbpx
The Unbearable Lightness of the “Tortoises”: The Impacts of the Eletrobras Privatization on the Brazilian Electricity Sector – Executive Summary

Instituto Escolhas in partnership with the Escopo Energia, developed a study to assess the effects of privatization of Eletrobras. The analysis focuses on the “tortoises”, included in the legal text, that have greater implications for the energy sector: the mandatory contracting of natural gas-fired thermoelectric plants in specific regions; flexibilities for the construction of the Tucuruí Line; new concessions for hydroelectric plants included in the quota regime; a market reserve for Small Hydroelectric Plants (SHPs); and an extension of the Incentive Program for Alternative Sources of Electric Energy (known as Proinfa).

Carbon Credits in Forest Concessions: How Much Can Brazil Gain by Keeping the Forest Standing?

A study carried out by Instituto Escolhas in partnership with Instituto Arapyaú, shows the potential for generating and trading carbon credits produced by REDD + (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) and reforestation projects in Brazilian forest concessions.

Biogas: clean energy for the Amazon – Executive Summary

Developed by Instituto Escolhas and carried out in Escolhas partnership with the International Center for Renewable Energies (CIBiogás-ER), reveals the potential for biogas production in all Amazon states, taking advantage of urban solid waste – garbage collected by municipalities – and waste from fish farming and the production of manioc flour, which are important activities in the biome’s bioeconomy.

How could more efficient refrigerators and air conditioners help the government to spend less? – Executive Summary

The Instituto Escolhas has developed a brandnew study that shows how purchasing air conditioners and refrigerators that comply with international energy efficiency standards could bring significant savings for federal and São Paulo state public spending. As the results presented in the opening section of this document demonstrate, when financial resources expenditure respects the principles of sustainability, significant environmental and social gains can ensue.

Beyond food: the contribution of urban agriculture to well-being in the metropolis of São Paulo

The Instituto Escolhas in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme and its initiative “The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Agriculture and Food”, known as TEEBAgriFood, launched the study “Beyond food: the contribution of urban agriculture to well-being in the metropolis of São Paulo”, showing that, in addition to feeding the population, agriculture can contribute to mitigating heat, reducing flooding and soil erosion in the metropolis, which can assist with the so-called ecosystem services.

How to include the environment in business math? – Executive Summary

Created by Instituto Escolhas, the study shows how to include environmental costs in the business math of the electricity sector, providing the real dimension of plant profitability so that investments can be prioritized without burdening the present and future generations. To demonstrate how this is possible, the same economic-financial models adopted by the market were used, and the costs of the environmental impacts of hydroelectric plants in the Amazon — natural gas and fuel oil thermoelectric plants, and wind and photovoltaic solar plants — were included in their cash flows. The new financial profitability of these projects was then calculated.

What do you stand to gain from a refrigerator that consumes less energy? – Executive Summary

The Instituto Escolhas has developed a brandnew study that shows by 2030, Brazilians could save R$ 101 billion on their electricity bills just by using more energy-efficient refrigerators that comply with the United for Efficiency (U4E) standards – an initiative of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

 

Risk Matrix: a path for banks to incorporate the environment into their financing – Executive Summary

A study carried out by Instituto Escolhas presents the Environmental Risk Matrix: a decisive instrument designed to assist the financial sector in incorporating the environment and the climate in decision-making processes on financing electricity sector projects and other infrastructure projects. The study confirms that the financial sector’s commitment to preserving the environment and fighting climate change can be reflected in financing decision-making processes that follow objective, standardized and transparent criteria.

Protected areas or threatened areas? The endless gold rush in the Indigenous Lands and Conservation Units of the Amazon – Executive Summary

Created by Instituto Escolhas, the study shows that more than 6 million hectares in Indigenous Lands and Conservation Units are threatened by the search for gold in the Legal Amazon. The document analyzes the gold prospecting requests (applications and permits) that have been filed with the National Mining Agency (Agência Nacional de Mineração – ANM) in Brazil, which indicates the interest in mining in these areas.

What is the real socioeconomic impact of gold and diamond exploration in the Amazon? – Executive Summary

Conducted by the Instituto Escolhas, the study addresses the extraction of gold and diamonds based on health, education and GDP per capita indicators in municipalities of the Legal Amazon. The document shows that these activities do not bring medium and long-term benefits to local development. In the case of GDP per capita, for example, five years would be the maximum duration of its impacts on municipalities in the Legal Amazon.

Biogas in the Amazon: energy for powering the bioeconomy – Executive Summary

A study carried out by Instituto Escolhas in partnership with CIBiogás, presents the potential for generating biogas from solid urban waste and fish farming in four states in the Amazon: Amapá, Amazonas, Rondônia and Roraima. The document points out that biogas would have the potential to generate enough electricity to serve 107,000 homes and benefit 429,000 people, placing itself as an alternative to the region’s energy bottlenecks, in addition to boosting the forest economy.

Closer than you think: the challenges for food production in the metropolis of São Paulo – Executive Summary

A study idealized by Instituto Escolhas and carried out by researchers Marcela Alonso Ferreira, Vitória Oliveira Pereira de Souza Leão, Leandro Cizotto and Carolina Passos, includes data on consumption, distribution and commercialization of food in the metropolitan region of São Paulo. The analysis shows that, with some measures, it is possible to supply this entire population with vegetables and vegetables produced locally, identifies obstacles and provides recommendations on what can be done to advance in this potential for local production and supply. The study is carried out in partnership with Urbem and is supported by Porticus.