Created by Instituto Escolhas, the study shows that more than 6 million hectares in Indigenous Lands and Conservation Units are threatened by the search for gold in the Legal Amazon. The document analyzes the gold prospecting requests (applications and permits) that have been filed with the National Mining Agency (Agência Nacional de Mineração – ANM) in Brazil, which indicates the interest in mining in these areas.
Conducted by the Instituto Escolhas, the study addresses the extraction of gold and diamonds based on health, education and GDP per capita indicators in municipalities of the Legal Amazon. The document shows that these activities do not bring medium and long-term benefits to local development. In the case of GDP per capita, for example, five years would be the maximum duration of its impacts on municipalities in the Legal Amazon.
A study carried out by Instituto Escolhas in partnership with CIBiogás, presents the potential for generating biogas from solid urban waste and fish farming in four states in the Amazon: Amapá, Amazonas, Rondônia and Roraima. The document points out that biogas would have the potential to generate enough electricity to serve 107,000 homes and benefit 429,000 people, placing itself as an alternative to the region’s energy bottlenecks, in addition to boosting the forest economy.
A study idealized by Instituto Escolhas and carried out by researchers Marcela Alonso Ferreira, Vitória Oliveira Pereira de Souza Leão, Leandro Cizotto and Carolina Passos, includes data on consumption, distribution and commercialization of food in the metropolitan region of São Paulo. The analysis shows that, with some measures, it is possible to supply this entire population with vegetables and vegetables produced locally, identifies obstacles and provides recommendations on what can be done to advance in this potential for local production and supply. The study is carried out in partnership with Urbem and is supported by Porticus.
Created by Instituto Escolhas and carried out in partnership with Nascimento & Mourão Advogados, the study analyzes the Biodiversity Law (13,123 / 2015) and the main difficulties faced by researchers, entrepreneurs and traditional communities to study and develop products based on the components of Brazilian socio-biodiversity. In addition to mapping the existing barriers, the study proposes solutions to, among other aspects, mitigate legal insecurity, unlock investments and increase the participation of community members in the system of access and sharing of benefits arising from the use of the Brazilian genetic heritage and traditional knowledge associated. The document is part of the Escolhas agenda to unlock the bioeconomy in the country.
Created by Instituto Escolhas, the study was carried out in partnership with the researcher Aldo de Cresci (Tess Advogados) and with the Coalizão Brasil Clima, Florestas e Agricultura. The document presents proposals on forestry concessions to boost sustainable economic activities in public forests, which served as the basis for a new Bill presented in Congress.
This study, which was envisioned by Instituto Escolhas and carried out by researchers Carlos Alberto Manso and Felipe Bastos, from the Federal University of Ceará, analyzes the current model for air conditioner production and sales, as well as the impacts of changes in industrial and energy efficiency policies. The study estimates the effects that would result from combined changes in industrial and energy efficiency policies for air conditioning on the electricity sector, on consumers, and on the environment, and it offers business arguments and proposes a path for change in the sector’s industrial policy.
Study designed by Instituto Escolhas and carried out by researchers Leane Cornet Naidin, Pedro da Motta Veiga and Sandra Poland Rivers of the Center for Integration and Development Studies (Cindes) analyzed the functioning and trends of the international food trade, as Brazil has been positioning itself in this scenario and how private agents in the Brazilian agricultural sector have influenced this position.
Understanding the rules and the movements of this game that we are calling Food Diplomacy is fundamental for society to be able to monitor the movements of international trade and its reflexes for Brasil, be them about economic, social order or environmental.
A study designed by Instituto Escolhas and prepared by researchers Petterson Molina Vale and Roberto Strumpf, analyzes the economic and environmental impacts of the beef chain in Brazil. This is an unprecedented approach that encompasses the entire trajectory of the product, from the birth of the calf to the plate of the consumer, over a period of 10 years. The analyses of economic impacts present the amounts of taxes collected and the subsidies granted by the state and federal governments. The environmental impact analysis shows the carbon footprint, with emissions and removals of greenhouse gases (GHG), and the water footprint, with data on water consumption.
A study devised by Instituto Escolhas, coordinated by Sergio Leitão, and prepared by Gabriel Kohlmann, Public Policy Manager at Prospectiva, and economist Carlos Manso, a specialist in regional development, identified four axes of opportunities to diversify economic activity and boost sustainable development from Amazonas. The document presents the critical success factors, the conditions for leveraging the bioeconomy in the state and shows that, with public and private investments of R $ 7.15 billion in infrastructure, over ten years, it is possible to create 218 thousand direct jobs and indirect.
Conceived by Instituto Escolhas and prepared by PSR Energy Consulting and Solutions, the study analyzes three cases involving water scarcity situations in the São Francisco and Jaguaribe river basins – and the recent problems involving thermal power plants – and the Belo Monte Hydroelectric Power Plant. The proposed results and methodologies are the starting point for the debate on the need to establish water as an input and on the adoption of pricing mechanisms. The objective is to present the tools that can contribute to the construction of public policies to mitigate the dispute for water and avoid impacts on the operation of the National Interconnected System (SIN), with billionaire losses to the national economy and the consequent transfer to the consumer, through increases on the electricity bill.
The study was designed by Instituto Escolhas and carried out in partnership with Soil Use and Preservation Planning Laboratory (Laboratório de Planejamento de Uso do Solo e Conservação – GeoLab) and Public Policies Group (Grupo de Políticas Públicas – GPP) of Esalq/USP, the economist Bernard Appy and the jurist Carlos Marés. The purpose of the study is to propose the update of the collection parameters of the Rural Territorial Tax (ITR), with the revision of the Table of Livestock Occupancy, and preparation of a new regulation of the tax, especially to solve the conflicts now existing between ITR and the environmental legislation. Additionally, the study presents simulation of scenarios of implementation of such proposals that allow assessing the impact on the tax collection.