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Blockchain, Traceability, and Monitoring for Brazilian Gold – Proposal

With the implementation of a system capable of certifying the origin of Brazilian gold, the country would have a powerful tool to optimize enforcement actions, curb illegal trade and increase transparency across the entire mineral sector. The Instituto Escolhas studied the market’s characteristics to better understand the institutional and regulatory gaps that prevent greater control over its production chain. The result is an innovative system of traceability and monitoring of the exploration and marketing of gold, using blockchain technology and molecular tags.

For a just energy transition: the RenovaBio Social Certificate – Executive Summary

A worldwide energy transition process is strengthening, and Brazil is an important country in this process given its highly favourable renewable energy potential, in addition to its already established biofuel production. The Instituto Escolhas, therefore, propose – in partnership with the UK’s Brazilian Energy Programme (BEP) – creating a new RenovaBio Social Certificate, a social certificate under the purview of the National Biofuels Policy (RenovaBio).

How does Brazilian agribusiness benefit from deforestation – Executive Summary

Employing new econometric and spatial analysis techniques, this study presents the isolated effect of deforestation on land prices and agricultural product prices. It also proposes a debate on the reasons that keep the incorporation of new areas at the top of the strategies used by Brazilian agriculture to increase its production.

Gold under the microscope: more than 200 tons of brazilian gold are potentially illegal

Between 2015 and 2020, Brazil traded 229 tons of gold with evidence of illegality. This means that almost half of the gold produced and exported by the country was of dubious origin. This is one of the key findings of this study carried out by Instituto Escolhas based on the analysis of more than 40,000 records of gold transactions and satellite images of mining operations.

The Unbearable Lightness of the “Tortoises”: The Impacts of the Eletrobras Privatization on the Brazilian Electricity Sector – Executive Summary

Instituto Escolhas in partnership with the Escopo Energia, developed a study to assess the effects of privatization of Eletrobras. The analysis focuses on the “tortoises”, included in the legal text, that have greater implications for the energy sector: the mandatory contracting of natural gas-fired thermoelectric plants in specific regions; flexibilities for the construction of the Tucuruí Line; new concessions for hydroelectric plants included in the quota regime; a market reserve for Small Hydroelectric Plants (SHPs); and an extension of the Incentive Program for Alternative Sources of Electric Energy (known as Proinfa).

Carbon Credits in Forest Concessions: How Much Can Brazil Gain by Keeping the Forest Standing?

A study carried out by Instituto Escolhas in partnership with Instituto Arapyaú, shows the potential for generating and trading carbon credits produced by REDD + (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) and reforestation projects in Brazilian forest concessions.

Biogas: clean energy for the Amazon – Executive Summary

Developed by Instituto Escolhas and carried out in partnership with the International Center for Renewable Energies (CIBiogás-ER), reveals the potential for biogas production in all Amazon states, taking advantage of urban solid waste – garbage collected by municipalities – and waste from fish farming and the production of manioc flour, which are important activities in the biome’s bioeconomy.

How could more efficient refrigerators and air conditioners help the government to spend less? – Executive Summary

The Instituto Escolhas has developed a brandnew study that shows how purchasing air conditioners and refrigerators that comply with international energy efficiency standards could bring significant savings for federal and São Paulo state public spending. As the results presented in the opening section of this document demonstrate, when financial resources expenditure respects the principles of sustainability, significant environmental and social gains can ensue.

Beyond food: the contribution of urban agriculture to well-being in the metropolis of São Paulo

The Instituto Escolhas in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme and its initiative “The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Agriculture and Food”, known as TEEBAgriFood, launched the study “Beyond food: the contribution of urban agriculture to well-being in the metropolis of São Paulo”, showing that, in addition to feeding the population, agriculture can contribute to mitigating heat, reducing flooding and soil erosion in the metropolis, which can assist with the so-called ecosystem services.
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How to include the environment in business math? – Executive Summary

Created by Instituto Escolhas, the study shows how to include environmental costs in the business math of the electricity sector, providing the real dimension of plant profitability so that investments can be prioritized without burdening the present and future generations. To demonstrate how this is possible, the same economic-financial models adopted by the market were used, and the costs of the environmental impacts of hydroelectric plants in the Amazon — natural gas and fuel oil thermoelectric plants, and wind and photovoltaic solar plants — were included in their cash flows. The new financial profitability of these projects was then calculated.

What do you stand to gain from a refrigerator that consumes less energy? – Executive Summary

The Instituto Escolhas has developed a brandnew study that shows by 2030, Brazilians could save R$ 101 billion on their electricity bills just by using more energy-efficient refrigerators that comply with the United for Efficiency (U4E) standards – an initiative of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

 

Risk Matrix: a path for banks to incorporate the environment into their financing – Executive Summary

A study carried out by Instituto Escolhas presents the Environmental Risk Matrix: a decisive instrument designed to assist the financial sector in incorporating the environment and the climate in decision-making processes on financing electricity sector projects and other infrastructure projects. The study confirms that the financial sector’s commitment to preserving the environment and fighting climate change can be reflected in financing decision-making processes that follow objective, standardized and transparent criteria.