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Beyond food: the contribution of urban agriculture to well-being in the metropolis of São Paulo

The Instituto Escolhas in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme and its initiative “The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Agriculture and Food”, known as TEEBAgriFood, launched the study “Beyond food: the contribution of urban agriculture to well-being in the metropolis of São Paulo”, showing that, in addition to feeding the population, agriculture can contribute to mitigating heat, reducing flooding and soil erosion in the metropolis, which can assist with the so-called ecosystem services.

Risk Matrix: a path for banks to incorporate the environment into their financing

A study carried out by Instituto Escolhas presents the Environmental Risk Matrix: a decisive instrument designed to assist the financial sector in incorporating the environment and the climate in decision-making processes on financing electricity sector projects and other infrastructure projects. The study confirms that the financial sector’s commitment to preserving the environment and fighting climate change can be reflected in financing decision-making processes that follow objective, standardized and transparent criteria.

Protected areas or threatened areas? The endless gold rush in the Indigenous Lands and Conservation Units of the Amazon – Executive Summary

Created by Instituto Escolhas, the study shows that more than 6 million hectares in Indigenous Lands and Conservation Units are threatened by the search for gold in the Legal Amazon. The document analyzes the gold prospecting requests (applications and permits) that have been filed with the National Mining Agency (Agência Nacional de Mineração – ANM) in Brazil, which indicates the interest in mining in these areas.

What is the real socioeconomic impact of gold and diamond exploration in the Amazon? – Executive Summary

Conducted by the Instituto Escolhas, the study addresses the extraction of gold and diamonds based on health, education and GDP per capita indicators in municipalities of the Legal Amazon. The document shows that these activities do not bring medium and long-term benefits to local development. In the case of GDP per capita, for example, five years would be the maximum duration of its impacts on municipalities in the Legal Amazon.

Biogas in the Amazon: energy for powering the bioeconomy – Executive Summary

A study carried out by Instituto Escolhas in partnership with CIBiogás, presents the potential for generating biogas from solid urban waste and fish farming in four states in the Amazon: Amapá, Amazonas, Rondônia and Roraima. The document points out that biogas would have the potential to generate enough electricity to serve 107,000 homes and benefit 429,000 people, placing itself as an alternative to the region’s energy bottlenecks, in addition to boosting the forest economy.

Closer than you think: the challenges for food production in the metropolis of São Paulo – Executive Summary

A study idealized by Instituto Escolhas and carried out by researchers Marcela Alonso Ferreira, Vitória Oliveira Pereira de Souza Leão, Leandro Cizotto and Carolina Passos, includes data on consumption, distribution and commercialization of food in the metropolitan region of São Paulo. The analysis shows that, with some measures, it is possible to supply this entire population with vegetables and vegetables produced locally, identifies obstacles and provides recommendations on what can be done to advance in this potential for local production and supply. The study is carried out in partnership with Urbem and is supported by Porticus.

Unlocking the Bioeconomy Agenda: Solutions to boost the sustainable use of genetic resources and traditional knowledge in Brazil – Executive Summary

Created by Instituto Escolhas and carried out in partnership with Nascimento & Mourão Advogados, the study analyzes the Biodiversity Law (13,123 / 2015) and the main difficulties faced by researchers, entrepreneurs and traditional communities to study and develop products based on the components of Brazilian socio-biodiversity. In addition to mapping the existing barriers, the study proposes solutions to, among other aspects, mitigate legal insecurity, unlock investments and increase the participation of community members in the system of access and sharing of benefits arising from the use of the Brazilian genetic heritage and traditional knowledge associated. The document is part of the Escolhas agenda to unlock the bioeconomy in the country.

Unlocking the Bioeconomy Agenda: solutions to boost forest concessions in Brazil – Executive Summary

Created by Instituto Escolhas, the study was carried out in partnership with the researcher Aldo de Cresci (Tess Advogados) and with the Coalizão Brasil Clima, Florestas e Agricultura. The document presents proposals on forestry concessions to boost sustainable economic activities in public forests, which served as the basis for a new Bill presented in Congress.

The economy is in the air: what would Brazil gain with more efficient air conditioning? – Executive Summary

This study, which was envisioned by Instituto Escolhas and carried out by researchers Carlos Alberto Manso and Felipe Bastos, from the Federal University of Ceará, analyzes the current model for air conditioner production and sales, as well as the impacts of changes in industrial and energy efficiency policies.  The study estimates the effects that would result from combined changes in industrial and energy efficiency policies for air conditioning on the electricity sector, on consumers, and on the environment, and it offers business arguments and proposes a path for change in the sector’s industrial policy.

Food diplomacy: what is Brazil’s appetite in the world scene? – Executive Summary

Study designed by Instituto Escolhas and carried out by researchers Leane Cornet Naidin, Pedro da Motta Veiga and Sandra Poland Rivers of the Center for Integration and Development Studies (Cindes) analyzed the functioning and trends of the international food trade, as Brazil has been positioning itself in this scenario and how private agents in the Brazilian agricultural sector have influenced this position.

Understanding the rules and the movements of this game that we are calling Food Diplomacy is fundamental for society to be able to monitor the movements of international trade and its reflexes for Brasil, be them about economic, social order or environmental.

From pasture to plate: subsidies and the environmental footprint of the beef industry in Brazil – Executive Summary

A study designed by Instituto Escolhas and prepared by researchers Petterson Molina Vale and Roberto Strumpf, analyzes the economic and environmental impacts of the beef chain in Brazil. This is an unprecedented approach that encompasses the entire trajectory of the product, from the birth of the calf to the plate of the consumer, over a period of 10 years. The analyses of economic impacts present the amounts of taxes collected and the subsidies granted by the state and federal governments. The environmental impact analysis shows the carbon footprint, with emissions and removals of greenhouse gases (GHG), and the water footprint, with data on water consumption.

A new economy for the Amazonas state: Manaus Free Trade Zone and Bioeconomy

A study devised by Instituto Escolhas, coordinated by Sergio Leitão, and prepared by Gabriel Kohlmann, Public Policy Manager at Prospectiva, and economist Carlos Manso, a specialist in regional development, identified four axes of opportunities to diversify economic activity and boost sustainable development from Amazonas. The document presents the critical success factors, the conditions for leveraging the bioeconomy in the state and shows that, with public and private investments of R $ 7.15 billion in infrastructure, over ten years, it is possible to create 218 thousand direct jobs and indirect.

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